Indian civilization is one of the oldest in the world. Also, our country is known for producing some of the brilliant minds of the world. Thus, it’s unbelievable that being such a treasure trove of minds, this country will not make a significant contribution in the path of shaping this world. No, we are not talking about the modern ones but the contributions that were offered to the world by ancient India. Some of which has changed and reshaped the world of science and technology as we know it.
1. The idea of Zero
There is little explanation required to establish the importance of the number “Zero.” It’s one of the most important inventions in the history of mankind. Mathematician Aryabhata was the one who actually created this concept. He also contributed the operations of addition and subtraction using this new concept. The integration of a number using zero or the concept of place value is also his creation.
2. The decimal system
India devised the ingenious concept of expressing all numbers by means of ten symbols – decimal system. This actually plays a great role in the field of advanced mathematics especially easing the calculation concerning complex problems for inventions.
3. Atomic theory
Thinking it was John Dalton who presented the atomic theory to the world? True. However, long before that, an Indian scientist called Kanada speculated the existence of an indestructible particle called “anu.” He further explained that there are two states of “anu,” state of motion and absolute rest.
4. Plastic surgery
“Sushruta Samhita,” written in 6th Century BC is still considered one of the most comprehensive books ever written on the methods of ancient surgeries. The books consist of treatments for different illness. One of the essential parts is the explanation of complex techniques of plastic surgery.
5. Seamless metal globe
This gift of technology from ancient India was certainly a giant leap in the world of metallurgy (design and discovery of new materials). Between 1589 to 1590 CE, India invented the method of creating a seamless globe. It was against rediscovered in the 1980s until which the metallurgists thought it was impossible to create such a globe.
6. Binary numbers
You are reading this article which is written on a computing device. Without the contribution of binary numbers that would never have been a possibility. The basic language of the computer is written using binary numbers – One (1) and Zero (0). It was first explained by Vedic scholar Pingala in his book Chandahśāstra.
7. Cataract Surgery
It’s said that the first cataract surgery was performed by Sushruta, an ancient Indian physician & surgeon in 6th Century BCE. His work was later translated into the Arabic language, which then got spread to the modern Western world.
8. Wootz Steel
This ultra-high carbon steel was invented in India. Mainly used to make swords, it was prepared by heating up black magnetite ore in the presence of carbon. Then the mixture was sealed in a clay crucible, further kept in the charcoal furnace.
Did we miss something? Let’s know in the comments below.